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Ya Allah Kurniakanlah Rezeki Yang Baik Pada Hari INI dan Jauhkanlah Daku Dari Keburukan

Ya Allah Kurniakanlah Daku Rezeki Yang Baik Pada Hari ini dan Jauhkanlah Daku Dari Keburukan. Ya Allah Kurnikanlah Cahaya Pada Hati ku Sebagaimana Terangnya Bumi Dengan Cahaya Matahari MU Selama-lamanya, Dengan Rhamat Mu Wahai Tuhan Yang Maha Pengasih dan Maha Penyayang.

Jom Mengerjakan UMrah


Wednesday, July 27, 2011

Komen Pak Din....

Jawapan kepada Pertanyaan Peminat Blog Pak Din tentang artikel dalam Berita Harian 12 Julai 2011 (Agro) berkaitan dakwaan seoorang "doktor" mengenai  burung walit merupakan spesies yang berbeza dengan burung layang-layang gua yang Pak Din gunakan di sini..


Petikan Dari Artikel Dalam Web-site Jabatan Veterinar Selangor:


Beza burung walit dan burung layang-layang


Menceritakan mengenai burung walit, Fadzilah A’ini berkata, ramai yang masih lagi keliru.(Kenyataan yang mengelirukan? Siapa yang sebenarnya keliru??) Hanya segelintir sahaja yang tahu mengenainya dan itu pun di kalangan mereka yang terbabit dengan industri sarang burung. 


Sejak sebelum tahun 1950'an lagi burung layang-layang gua, edible-nest swiftlets (Aerodramus fuciphagus-nama saintifik-nama latin) telah diperlindungi dibawah ordinan burung-burung liar dan ia kemudiannya disenaraikan di bawah Akta Perlindungan Hidupan Liar 72/76 di bawah Jadual 4 (diperlindungi sepenuhnya) Pada tahun 1994 ianya disenaraikan sebagai burung liar yang diperlindungi bagi membolehkan industri sarang burung ini diceburi oleh orang ramai yang berminat. 


Nama burung walit hanya dikenali  setelah orang Cina mula menceburi  industri ini dengan giatnya dari Indonesia ke Malaysia di awal 1980'an/akhir 1970'an. Burung Layang-layang gua dan burung walit adalah spesies burung yang sama.. Jika ianya berlainan kenapa pihak yang mahu menjadi peneraju industri burung ini beria-ia mahu mengeluarkan burung ini dari senarai burung yang diperlindungi pada tahun lepas?? dan sanggup  berbuat apa saja bagi mengeluarkannya??

Kamus Dewan dan Istilah Veterinar yang dikeluarkan antara tahun 1980'an-1990'an juga menggunakan nama Layang-layang Gua bagi mengenali spesies burung ini. Cuba anda semak di dalam kamus-kamus tersebut..

Burung walit bukanlah burung layang-layang tetapi ramai yang beranggapan demikian disebabkan bentuk fizikalnya yang kelihatan seakan-akan sama.
 


Dalam  famili Apodidae: semua spesies dibawahnya dikenali dengan nama Layang-layang: Petikan dari" Wikipedia"-

"The swifts are a family, Apodidae, of highly aerial birds. They are superficially similar to swallows but are actually not closely related to passerine species at all; swifts are in the separate order Apodiformes, which they share with the hummingbirds. The treeswifts are closely related to the true swifts, but form a separate family, the Hemiprocnidae.
The resemblances between swifts and swallows are due to convergent evolution reflecting similar life styles based on catching insects in flight.
edible-nest swiftlets
burung layang-layang-Common swift
The family scientific name comes from the Ancient Greek απους, apous, meaning "without feet", since swifts have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead on vertical surfaces. The tradition of depicting swifts without feet continued into the Middle Ages, as seen in the heraldicmartlet."


“Jika diperhatikan, bulu burung layang-layang mempunyai warna merah di hujung dadanya berbanding burung walit yang hanya berwarna coklat gelap sekata,” katanya. 


Burung layang-layang mempunyai pelbagai warna - sila rujuk buku-buku burung yanag ada dipasaran..Contoh disebelah ianya juga dipanggil layang-layang yang punya warna seperti "the so called walit" Burung Swallow juga dipanggil layang-layang dalam bahasa Melayu, walaupun ianya di bawah famili yang berlainan. Tabiatnya juga sama, terbang di udara dan mencari makan dengan menangkap serangga semasa terbang. 

Beliau berkata, perbezaan kedua-dua burung ini boleh dilihat dari segi kelas, famili, order, bilangan spesies, habitat dan komponen sarangnya.
 

“Burung walit atau  nama saintifiknya Edible-nest swiftlet (Ini bukannya nama saintifik tetapi nama Inggeris) Nama saintifik adalah nama latin.... Mungkin Fadzilah A'ini ini tidak faham apa itu nama saintifik??? sila semak kamus!!!)  dari kelas Aves iaitu jenis yang ada bulu dan tulang MAMALIA JUGA ADA BULU DAN TULANG AS MANUSIA JUGA serta boleh terbang. Ia adalah daripada famili Apodidae dan order Apodiformes iaitu tangkas terbang di udara serta mempunyai jangka hayat sehingga 25 tahun( Fuyooooo...lamanya ada buat kajian ker ni??)
“Selain itu, bilangan spesies burung walit adalah lapan (Please check-betul ker?) dan habitatnya (apakah itu habitat ?? ) adalah jenis yang balik ke sarang (bukankah ini habit/lakuan burung???) dan menggunakan rembesan liur sebagai komponen sarangnya,” katanya. 
Menurutnya, burung layang-layang pula atau nama saintifiknya Swallow (Sebagai seorang doktor sepatutnya beliau lebih arif tentnang nama saintifik bukan??) juga dari kelas Aves. Ia adalah dari famili Hirudinidae dan order Passeriformes iaitu kaki mencengkam (bukankah burung walit juga punya kaki mencengkam?? untuk hinggap pada sarangnya dan dinding-dinding rumah dan gua???)

“Sebanyak 74 spesies burung layang-layang dikenal pasti dan kebanyakannya berhijrah serta bertenggek di rangkaian elektrik. (Betul ker??)
“Burung layang-layang membuat sarang guna rumput, ranting dan bulu,” katanya. 


Hubungi Kami: 0134861990 Nordin atau e-mail kami nordi_jef@yahoo.com. Matlamat kami ialah membantu anda..KEJAYAAN ANDA KEJAYAAN KAMI JUA..

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Urgent action needed against Penang swiftlet farming



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Wednesday, 23 June 2010 19:41

Rebecca Duckett highlights the risks posed by swiftlet farming in the George Town world heritage site in a letter to the Penang Chief Minister.

As a resident of George Town and as a council member of the Penang Heritage Trust, I want to bring to your attention yet again, the problem of swiftlet farming in our urban areas. The National Guidelines For Swiftlet Breeding are to be presented to Cabinet very soon and there has been no public discussion whatsoever with stakeholders, residents or NGOs. This lack of transparency has to be addressed before any Guidelines for Swiftlet breeding can be passed.

According to the June 2005 newsletter of the Malaysian Swiftlet Farmers Association, over 10% of houses - 400 houses- in George Town have been converted into swiftlet farms. The latest casual count estimates that these numbers could be closer to 20% of houses in George Town.

We do not oppose swiftlet farming in general; it is a very lucrative business which brings in approximately RM 1.5 billion per year. However, the damage urban swiftlet farming in George Town is doing to our "intangible heritage", by moving people out of buildings in order to open swiftlet farms, and to our "tangible heritage" by destroying the original features of the “exceptional range of shophouses and townhouses” that gave us our WHS listing in the first place is too great to be ignored.

Swiftlet farming encourages swiftlets to nest in a particular house, in order to harvest the nests that they build there. These nests are then sold on at an extremely lucrative price, to be used as the main ingredient in birds nest soup. We are not opposing the practice of swiftlet farming in general but we want it relocated from George Town into less populated, agricultural areas, for the following reasons:

1) Health concerns, including but not limited to:

- Cryptococcus
Dried bird droppings and bird’s nests have been known to harbour the yeast spore Cryptococcus, which ideally forms colonies at 20 - 37°C (perfect for Georgetown) and which is responsible for infections in human beings. Inhalation of Cryptococcus spores cause lung infections, cryptococcal meningitis and pneumonia in healthy children and adults, and is particularly dangerous to anyone who is immuno-compromised.
King, Dr. John W. and DeWitt, Meredith L., “Cryptococcosis,” http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/215354-overview, October 30th, 2009

- Avian Flu
Avian flu, or H5N1, is a rare but severe disease that can be fatal. The last person diagnosed with avian flu was in Vietnam on 16th March of this year. According to the WHO (World Health Organization), “all birds are thought to be susceptible to infection with avian influenza viruses”. It is possible that the avian flu virus could be introduced to swiftlets in George Town from migratory waterfowl, which scientists believe are “now carrying the H5N1 virus in its highly pathogenic form, sometimes over long distances.”

The WHO states: “Japan, the Republic of Korea, and Malaysia have controlled their outbreaks and are now considered free of the disease. Elsewhere in Asia, the virus has become endemic in several of the initially affected countries.” However, there is no reason to suggest that swiftlets coming into contact with infected migratory birds from other parts of Asia will not contract H5N1. Living in such close proximity to one another, contaminated swiftlets would quickly transfer the disease between themselves, increasing the chances for human infection either via direct contact with contaminated birds or contaminated feces, the two most common sources of infection. World Health Organisation, “Avian influenza “bird flu”,” http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/avian_influenza/en/#countries, February 2006

- Dengue Fever

Pools of water created by swiftlet farmers to ensure an ideal humidity and temperature for the birds also create perfect breeding grounds for mosquitos, including Aedes Mosquitos, which carry Dengue Fever. Outbreaks in George Town on specific streets have recently been very common.

2) The danger swiftlet farming poses to George Town’s Unesco status:

- The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco) seeks to encourage the identification, protection and preservation of cultural and natural heritage around the world considered to be of outstanding value to humanity. George Town’s World Heritage Site status is not just a label that will increase tourism, but a treaty signed to conserve the unique “intangible heritage” of George Town.

However, homes that are converted into birdhouses suffer irreparable damage, as original windows, doors, plasterwork and features are removed, and sprinkler systems are set up to keep the house humid. This not only causes water damage, damp and rot to that house, but also to adjacent properties, thereby threatening the “unique architectural and cultural townscape without parallel anywhere in East and Southeast Asia...in particular [the] exceptional range of shophouses and townhouses” which gave George Town WHS status in the first place.

Puan Maimunah, as Acting General Manager to the George Town World Heritage Office, has stated that: “personally, the swiftlet industry poses a conflict to the World Heritage Site listing, and possibly needs to be relocated”. If action is not taken against urban swiftlet farming, and George Town “loses the characteristics which determined its inscription on the World Heritage List” it may be placed on the List of World Heritage in Danger or have its status as a World Heritage Site revoked. The Site listing undoubtedly brings more tourism and therefore more money to our city. The loss of our architecture and/or listing would negatively impact on tourism and harm the economy of George Town.

3) Noise pollution:

- The sound systems used to attract swiftlets by playing amplified birdsong continuously constitutes noise pollution, which is a nuisance for residents of and visitors to George Town. However, in recent months, the main source of noise pollution is the birds themselves because numbers have soared and are now out of control. The sky above residences in George Town are full of birds emitting piercing sounds especially in the early hours of morning, late afternoon and evening.

Responsibility of the Penang state government and its departments:

The Penang State Government controls the future of George Town. The decisions made now have long term consequences. In order to address these consequences, we urgently request that the State Government of Penang keeps to and enforces, the terms of the extended moratorium on Swiftlet breeding in George Town, that states that operators cannot start any new swiftlet farms in George Town. The moratorium was set up to halt the proliferation of swiftlet houses in George Town, not as a open bill for them to proliferate freely. The breeders are openly setting up new farms all over George Town. By condoning and allowing this to happen the State Government and MPPP accepts that it is responsible for any negative impact on public health and environment.

We request that the State Government creates a heft annual tax to be paid by each individual urban swiftlet farm until they have moved from the urban areas of George Town on or before the deadline set by the State Government. This tax creates a fund which can then be used when an outbreak of Avian Flu H5N1, Crytococcus or other disease relating to birds, breaks out enabling the State Government to act on any emergency measures needed for this outbreak or environmental disaster cleanup. For the swiftlet farmers, this tax payment will mark their dedication to the maintenance of their farms health and safety measures and further reinforces their responsibility and belief that swiftlet farming in urban areas amongst a dense human population, poses no dangers to humans. Non payment of this tax allows the State Government to forcibly close down the swiftlet farm.

We also insist that in addition, the State Government as a whole, with the Heads of the Veterinary Department and Public Health, be made personally responsible for any environmental and health and safety issues that will arise from the spiralling increase in the population of swiftlets over George Town and the environmental disaster that will take place within the next few years, if swiftlet farms are not removed immediately from our urban areas. The State Government and the Heads of the Veterinary Department and Public Health will also be personally responsible to pay any compensation required in events of death from any bird related disease, outbreak of disease, as well as the loss of investment made by stakeholders who have put huge investments into the belief that George Town will benefit from its Unesco World Heritage Status and is currently being marketed as a tourist destination and world class heritage site by the Penang State Government. Loss of investment should also include, but not be limited to, being forced to move from buildings because of an individuals fear to his/her own personal health and safety.

Laws are being enforced by the State Government on developers, on residents, on landlords that are trying to revitalise George Town as a residential, cultural, heritage and tourist hub, yet swiftlet farms are being allowed to proliferate freely, beyond the realms of law. The State Government must act with a balanced hand.

I would request your immediate assistance in lobbying the Malaysian Government to sign into law, guidelines explicitly prohibiting swiftlet farming in George Town and urban areas, and to act on bringing current owners of swiftlet farms in urban areas to justice. The health and safety of the rakyat and Malaysia's precious environment should be foremost in any Government initiative. Moving swiftlet farming out of George Town and urban areas is in keeping with the State Government of Penang's initiative for a "Cleaner, Greener, Penang" and must be viewed with long term benefit to all the rakyat, all cultures, all tangible and intangible heritage in George Town and our urban areas.

Rebecca Duckett is a council member of the Penang Heritage Trust

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