Google+ Followers

Assalamualaikum wbt..

Ya Allah Kurniakanlah Rezeki Yang Baik Pada Hari INI dan Jauhkanlah Daku Dari Keburukan

Ya Allah Kurniakanlah Daku Rezeki Yang Baik Pada Hari ini dan Jauhkanlah Daku Dari Keburukan. Ya Allah Kurnikanlah Cahaya Pada Hati ku Sebagaimana Terangnya Bumi Dengan Cahaya Matahari MU Selama-lamanya, Dengan Rhamat Mu Wahai Tuhan Yang Maha Pengasih dan Maha Penyayang.

Jom Mengerjakan UMrah


Wednesday, June 8, 2011

Petikan Utusan Malaysia


ARKIB : 03/06/2011
Hukum makan sarang burung
Soalan
SAYA adalah antara yang suka makan sup sirip ikan yu. Apakah hukum memakannya. Saya juga berminat untuk menjalankan ternakan burung walit. Apakah hukum makan sarang burung dan juga menjana pendapatan daripada aktiviti ini.
Jawapan
Harus memakan sup sirip ikan yu, kerana ia seperti memakan ikan juga. Ini kerana sirip itu adalah sebahagian dari ikan yu. Hukum memakannya adalah seperti memakan ikan.
Semua jenis binatang air (iaitu binatang yang tidak hidup melainkan di dalam air atau di dalam laut seperti ikan, sotong, ketam dan sebagainya), hukumnya halal dimakan selagi tidak beracun atau mendatang mudarat.
Ini berdalilkan hadis yang diriwayatkan oleh Abu Hurairah r.a menceritakan jawapan Nabi apabila ditanya mengenai laut, baginda menjawab; "Laut; airnya bersih boleh dibuat bersuci dan bangkainya adalah halal." (riwayat al-Tarmidzi, Ibn Majah, Abu Daud).
Maksud bangkai daripada istilah al-Quran dan as-Sunnah adalah semua binatang yang mati tanpa disembelih.
Maka berdasarkan hadis ini, semua binatang laut adalah halal tanpa perlu disembelih terlebih dahulu.
Hadis ini adalah umum tanpa Nabi membataskan jenis haiwan tertentu yang hidup di dalam laut atau di dalam air. Jadi, ia termasuklah semua jenis ikan.
Menurut Imam Ibnu Hajar; "Tidak ada khilaf di kalangan ulama pada halalnya ikan dalam semua jenisnya" (Fathul-Bari). Mereka (yakni para ulama) hanya berikhtilaf pada selain ikan;


1. Menurut mazhab Hanafi; Hanya ikan sahaja yang halal dimakan. Adapun haiwan-haiwan laut/air lainnya haram dimakan.
2. Menurut Imam Ahmad; semua binatang laut/air halal dimakan kecuali dua sahaja iaitu; katak dan buaya.
3. Menurut mazhab Syafiie (mengikut qaul yang muktamad) dan mazhab Maliki; semua jenis binatang laut/air harus dimakan sekalipun rupanya menyerupai binatang darat (kuda laut, anjing laut, babi laut dan sebagainya).
4. Sebahagian ulama berpandangan; bagi binatang laut/air yang rupanya menyerupai binatang darat, hendaklah dilihat; jika ia menyerupai binatang darat yang halal dimakan, halallah ia dimakan.


Contohnya; kuda laut, lembu laut dan sebagainya (jika ada).
Adapun jika ia menyerupai binatang darat yang haram dimakan, maka ia haram dimakan.
Contohnya; anjing laut, singa laut, babi laut, gajah laut dan sebagainya. Pandangan ini menjadi pegangan sebilangan ulama mazhab Syafiie sendiri.
Sebagaimana disebutkan tadi, maksud binatang laut/air adalah yang tidak hidup melainkan di dalam laut atau air, di mana jika dikeluarkan daripada laut/air akan menjadilah hidupnya seumpama binatang darat yang disembelih (yakni hidup yang amat singkat).
Adapun binatang yang boleh kekal hidup di laut/air dan juga di darat, maka ia dinamakan sebagai binatang/haiwan dua alam.
Menurut mazhab Syafiie; semua binatang dua alam haram dimakan. Contohnya; katak, ular, buaya, kura-kura, penyu, belangkas dan sebagainya. Mazhab Maliki menghalalkannya.
Jika diteliti persoalan ini dari sudut fikah, tiada sebab yang mengharamkan makan sarang burung layang-layang.
Ini kerana, sarang itu terhasil dan diperbuat daripada liur burung layang-layang dan liurnya adalah suci.
Maka kembali kepada kaedah asas syarak: Asal kepada sesuatu perkara adalah halal, kecuali ada nas yang mengharamnya, dan kaedah yang lebih teliti adalah: Asal kepada benda-benda yang bermanfaat adalah haram, dan asal kepada benda yang memudaratkan adalah haram.
Sarang burung bukan najis. - Sarang burung tidak dipandang jijik/kotor oleh masyarakat (tidak seperti ulat, serangga dan lain-lain) Maka atas sebab itu, ia harus dimakan.


Mengenai sarang burung layang-layang (walit)


Muzakarah Jawatankuasa Fatwa Majlis Kebangsaan Bagi Hal Ehwal Ugama Islam Malaysia Kali Ke-79 yang bersidang pada 6 - 8 September 2007 telah membincangkan Hukum Memakan Sarang Burung Layang-Layang.
Muzakarah telah memutuskan bahawa hukum memakan sarang burung layang-layang adalah harus.
Memandangkan hukum memakan sarang burung layang-layang harus maka memeliharanya juga hukum harus.
Ayat-ayat al-Quran telah banyak menyentuh mengenai tuntutan memakan makanan yang halal. Islam sama sekali tidak mengizinkan penganutnya memakan sesuatu yang boleh membawa mudarat kepada fizikal mahupun spiritual.
Ini kerana ada makanan yang halal tetapi ia belum tentu baik untuk tubuh badan kita, seperti gula, lemak yang berlebihan yang boleh mengundang pelbagai jenis penyakit.
Islam mengajak umatnya mengekalkan kesihatan badan melalui pematuhan kepada makanan yang berkhasiat dan diet yang betul.
Perkara ini termasuklah persoalan memakan makanan yang belum pernah dimakan sebelum ini.
Contoh memakan sarang burung layang-layang bukan suatu kebiasaan masyarakat Malaysia, tetapi selepas mendapati ia (sarang burung layang-layang) dimakan oleh segelintir kecil masyarakat yang tinggal di kawasan berhampiran dengan gua, mula dikaji kelebihan dan khasiatnya sehinggalah hari ini sarang burung layang-layang ini berjaya menembusi pasaran global.
Sarang layang-layang ini menjadi tersohor apabila kajian dijalan ke atas sarang burung layang-layang dan mendapati ia sangat bermanfaat kepada tubuh badan manusia.
Firman Allah SWT yang bermaksud: Wahai sekalian manusia! Makanlah dari apa yang ada di bumi yang halal lagi baik, dan janganlah kamu ikut jejak langkah Syaitan; kerana sesungguhnya Syaitan itu ialah musuh yang terang nyata bagi kamu. (al-Baqarah 168)
Dalam ayat yang lain Allah SWT berfirman yang bermaksud: Wahai orang-orang yang beriman! Makanlah dari benda-benda yang baik (yang halal) yang telah Kami berikan kepada kamu, dan bersyukurlah kepada Allah, jika betul kamu hanya beribadat kepadanya. (al-Baqarah: 172 )

Hubungi Kami: 0134861990 Nordin atau e-mail kami nordi_jef@yahoo.com. Matlamat kami ialah membantu anda..KEJAYAAN ANDA KEJAYAAN KAMI JUA..

No comments:

Recite Nama-nama Allah

Photobucket Tiada daya dan kekuatan melainkan dengan daya dan kekuatan Tuhan Yang Maha Tinggi lagi Maha Agung

Urgent action needed against Penang swiftlet farming



PrintE-mail
Wednesday, 23 June 2010 19:41

Rebecca Duckett highlights the risks posed by swiftlet farming in the George Town world heritage site in a letter to the Penang Chief Minister.

As a resident of George Town and as a council member of the Penang Heritage Trust, I want to bring to your attention yet again, the problem of swiftlet farming in our urban areas. The National Guidelines For Swiftlet Breeding are to be presented to Cabinet very soon and there has been no public discussion whatsoever with stakeholders, residents or NGOs. This lack of transparency has to be addressed before any Guidelines for Swiftlet breeding can be passed.

According to the June 2005 newsletter of the Malaysian Swiftlet Farmers Association, over 10% of houses - 400 houses- in George Town have been converted into swiftlet farms. The latest casual count estimates that these numbers could be closer to 20% of houses in George Town.

We do not oppose swiftlet farming in general; it is a very lucrative business which brings in approximately RM 1.5 billion per year. However, the damage urban swiftlet farming in George Town is doing to our "intangible heritage", by moving people out of buildings in order to open swiftlet farms, and to our "tangible heritage" by destroying the original features of the “exceptional range of shophouses and townhouses” that gave us our WHS listing in the first place is too great to be ignored.

Swiftlet farming encourages swiftlets to nest in a particular house, in order to harvest the nests that they build there. These nests are then sold on at an extremely lucrative price, to be used as the main ingredient in birds nest soup. We are not opposing the practice of swiftlet farming in general but we want it relocated from George Town into less populated, agricultural areas, for the following reasons:

1) Health concerns, including but not limited to:

- Cryptococcus
Dried bird droppings and bird’s nests have been known to harbour the yeast spore Cryptococcus, which ideally forms colonies at 20 - 37°C (perfect for Georgetown) and which is responsible for infections in human beings. Inhalation of Cryptococcus spores cause lung infections, cryptococcal meningitis and pneumonia in healthy children and adults, and is particularly dangerous to anyone who is immuno-compromised.
King, Dr. John W. and DeWitt, Meredith L., “Cryptococcosis,” http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/215354-overview, October 30th, 2009

- Avian Flu
Avian flu, or H5N1, is a rare but severe disease that can be fatal. The last person diagnosed with avian flu was in Vietnam on 16th March of this year. According to the WHO (World Health Organization), “all birds are thought to be susceptible to infection with avian influenza viruses”. It is possible that the avian flu virus could be introduced to swiftlets in George Town from migratory waterfowl, which scientists believe are “now carrying the H5N1 virus in its highly pathogenic form, sometimes over long distances.”

The WHO states: “Japan, the Republic of Korea, and Malaysia have controlled their outbreaks and are now considered free of the disease. Elsewhere in Asia, the virus has become endemic in several of the initially affected countries.” However, there is no reason to suggest that swiftlets coming into contact with infected migratory birds from other parts of Asia will not contract H5N1. Living in such close proximity to one another, contaminated swiftlets would quickly transfer the disease between themselves, increasing the chances for human infection either via direct contact with contaminated birds or contaminated feces, the two most common sources of infection. World Health Organisation, “Avian influenza “bird flu”,” http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/avian_influenza/en/#countries, February 2006

- Dengue Fever

Pools of water created by swiftlet farmers to ensure an ideal humidity and temperature for the birds also create perfect breeding grounds for mosquitos, including Aedes Mosquitos, which carry Dengue Fever. Outbreaks in George Town on specific streets have recently been very common.

2) The danger swiftlet farming poses to George Town’s Unesco status:

- The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco) seeks to encourage the identification, protection and preservation of cultural and natural heritage around the world considered to be of outstanding value to humanity. George Town’s World Heritage Site status is not just a label that will increase tourism, but a treaty signed to conserve the unique “intangible heritage” of George Town.

However, homes that are converted into birdhouses suffer irreparable damage, as original windows, doors, plasterwork and features are removed, and sprinkler systems are set up to keep the house humid. This not only causes water damage, damp and rot to that house, but also to adjacent properties, thereby threatening the “unique architectural and cultural townscape without parallel anywhere in East and Southeast Asia...in particular [the] exceptional range of shophouses and townhouses” which gave George Town WHS status in the first place.

Puan Maimunah, as Acting General Manager to the George Town World Heritage Office, has stated that: “personally, the swiftlet industry poses a conflict to the World Heritage Site listing, and possibly needs to be relocated”. If action is not taken against urban swiftlet farming, and George Town “loses the characteristics which determined its inscription on the World Heritage List” it may be placed on the List of World Heritage in Danger or have its status as a World Heritage Site revoked. The Site listing undoubtedly brings more tourism and therefore more money to our city. The loss of our architecture and/or listing would negatively impact on tourism and harm the economy of George Town.

3) Noise pollution:

- The sound systems used to attract swiftlets by playing amplified birdsong continuously constitutes noise pollution, which is a nuisance for residents of and visitors to George Town. However, in recent months, the main source of noise pollution is the birds themselves because numbers have soared and are now out of control. The sky above residences in George Town are full of birds emitting piercing sounds especially in the early hours of morning, late afternoon and evening.

Responsibility of the Penang state government and its departments:

The Penang State Government controls the future of George Town. The decisions made now have long term consequences. In order to address these consequences, we urgently request that the State Government of Penang keeps to and enforces, the terms of the extended moratorium on Swiftlet breeding in George Town, that states that operators cannot start any new swiftlet farms in George Town. The moratorium was set up to halt the proliferation of swiftlet houses in George Town, not as a open bill for them to proliferate freely. The breeders are openly setting up new farms all over George Town. By condoning and allowing this to happen the State Government and MPPP accepts that it is responsible for any negative impact on public health and environment.

We request that the State Government creates a heft annual tax to be paid by each individual urban swiftlet farm until they have moved from the urban areas of George Town on or before the deadline set by the State Government. This tax creates a fund which can then be used when an outbreak of Avian Flu H5N1, Crytococcus or other disease relating to birds, breaks out enabling the State Government to act on any emergency measures needed for this outbreak or environmental disaster cleanup. For the swiftlet farmers, this tax payment will mark their dedication to the maintenance of their farms health and safety measures and further reinforces their responsibility and belief that swiftlet farming in urban areas amongst a dense human population, poses no dangers to humans. Non payment of this tax allows the State Government to forcibly close down the swiftlet farm.

We also insist that in addition, the State Government as a whole, with the Heads of the Veterinary Department and Public Health, be made personally responsible for any environmental and health and safety issues that will arise from the spiralling increase in the population of swiftlets over George Town and the environmental disaster that will take place within the next few years, if swiftlet farms are not removed immediately from our urban areas. The State Government and the Heads of the Veterinary Department and Public Health will also be personally responsible to pay any compensation required in events of death from any bird related disease, outbreak of disease, as well as the loss of investment made by stakeholders who have put huge investments into the belief that George Town will benefit from its Unesco World Heritage Status and is currently being marketed as a tourist destination and world class heritage site by the Penang State Government. Loss of investment should also include, but not be limited to, being forced to move from buildings because of an individuals fear to his/her own personal health and safety.

Laws are being enforced by the State Government on developers, on residents, on landlords that are trying to revitalise George Town as a residential, cultural, heritage and tourist hub, yet swiftlet farms are being allowed to proliferate freely, beyond the realms of law. The State Government must act with a balanced hand.

I would request your immediate assistance in lobbying the Malaysian Government to sign into law, guidelines explicitly prohibiting swiftlet farming in George Town and urban areas, and to act on bringing current owners of swiftlet farms in urban areas to justice. The health and safety of the rakyat and Malaysia's precious environment should be foremost in any Government initiative. Moving swiftlet farming out of George Town and urban areas is in keeping with the State Government of Penang's initiative for a "Cleaner, Greener, Penang" and must be viewed with long term benefit to all the rakyat, all cultures, all tangible and intangible heritage in George Town and our urban areas.

Rebecca Duckett is a council member of the Penang Heritage Trust

MY ADHA

MY ADHA™