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Ya Allah Kurniakanlah Rezeki Yang Baik Pada Hari INI dan Jauhkanlah Daku Dari Keburukan

Ya Allah Kurniakanlah Daku Rezeki Yang Baik Pada Hari ini dan Jauhkanlah Daku Dari Keburukan. Ya Allah Kurnikanlah Cahaya Pada Hati ku Sebagaimana Terangnya Bumi Dengan Cahaya Matahari MU Selama-lamanya, Dengan Rhamat Mu Wahai Tuhan Yang Maha Pengasih dan Maha Penyayang.

Jom Mengerjakan UMrah


Sunday, February 20, 2011

Antara kelemahan saman ekor yang paling ketara kezalimannya ialah:



ekor kera kena saman hehehe

Dipetik dari ............??

i. Saman dikeluarkan ke atas kenderaan bukan pemandu.


Keadaan ini boleh menyebabkan terjadinya penganiayaan. Kita sedia maklum banyak kenderaan di atas jalan yang dipandu bukan oleh pemiliknya. Contohnya suami memandu kereta milik isteri, anak memandu kereta ayahnya, adik memandu kereta kakak dan juga kawan memandu kereta kawan. Kita ada terbaca bagaimana seorang ibu terpaksa bergadai bergolok untuk menyelesaikan saman anaknya bernilai ribuan ringgit yang memandu keretanya. dan kesannya kepada anaknya. tiada apa-apa kerana yang menyelesaikan saman ialah ibunya. Malahan dalam keadaan sekarang di mana pembiayaan pinjaman kereta sehingga 9 tahun, ramai yang menjual kereta melalui kaedah “sambung bayar” kerana bagi mengelakkan kerugian susut nilai. Bagaimana pula dengan kereta yang menggunakan plat kenderaan palsu. Saya ada seorang kawan yang sengaja membuang 1 nombor pendaftaran keretanya bagi mengelakkan saman ekor. Dan terbukti setelah lebih 10 tahun dia memandu “kaedah”nya memang berkesan.


ii. Saman disampaikan secara postal bukan secara terus


Pemilik kenderaan yang mana kenderaannya melakukan kesalahan had laju akan menerima makluman melalui pos. Kelemahannya di sini ialah jarak tempoh yang lama dari tarikh kesalahan kenderaan di buat dengan tarikh penerimaan surat saman. Ada yang menerimanya 2 atau 3 bulan setelah kesalahan dibuat dan ada yang selepas hampir setahun. Malahan ada yang tidak terima sebarang makluman langsung. Ini menyukarkan pemilik kenderaan mengingati siapa yang memandu pada ketika kesalahan dibuat. Kaedah menamakan pemandu di keratan penghujung surat saman juga dilihat tidak praktikal kerana tarikh kejadian yang telah lama serta hanya akan menyebabkan pertengkaran sesama saudara atau dengan rakan.


iii. Jumlah saman yang dikenakan sama tanpa mengira had laju


Jumlah kompaun yang sama iaitu RM300 biasanya dikena tanpa mengira had laju yang di catatkan adalah amat tidak adil. Kalau kita lihat dalam undang-undang contohnya rasuah, denda yang dikenakan bebeza mengikut jumlah rasuah yang di ambil, begitu juga dalam pengedaran dadah. Justeru PDRM sewajarnya mengenakan jumlah saman yang bebeza bergantung pada had laju. Contohnya kereta yang dipandu melebihi had laju tetapi masih di bawah had laju kebangsaan iaitu 90km sejam dikenakan saman RM100. Seperti memandu 78km di kawasan had laju 60km. Mereka yang memandu melebihi 90km hingga 110km dikenakan saman RM200 dan yang memandu melebihi 110km barulah dikenakan kompaun maksimum RM300. Rasionalnya ialah mereka yang memandu di bawah 90km ini bukan dalam golongan “kaki racing”, mereka cuma kadang tidak terpandang papan tanda hadlaju atau jalan yang lengang ketika itu. Tetapi mereka yang memandu melebihi 110km sejam memanglah boleh di kategorikan sebagai “kaki racing” yang boleh menyebabkan kemalangan dan wajar dikenakan kompaun maksimum.


iv. ‘Blacklist’ hendaklah dibuat setiap tahun bukan setelah 10 tahun


PDRM dan JPJ sepatutnya menyenarai hitam pemandu yang enggan membayar saman ini setiap tahun bagi mengelakkan ianya tertunggak telalu lama yang mana akan menyukarkan pemandu untuk membayar jumlah yang terlalu banyak seperti yang berlaku sekarang. Walaupun kerajaan ada memberi insentif diskaun tetapi apabila jumlah yang terkumpul terlalu lama ianya pasti menjadi bebanan kepada rakyat untuk menjelaskannya dalam masa yang singkat. Bukan semua rakyat berkemampuan lebih-lebih lagi ketika ekonomi jatuh seperti sekarang. Kita tidak mahu natijahnya nanti lebih teruk di mana mereka akan mamandu kenderaan tanpa cukai jalan bagaimana nanti jika berlaku kemalangan? Dan lebih parah lagi ada yang maminjam along untuk menyelesaikan saman bagi memastikan mereka boleh memperbaharui cukai jalan.


Maka boleh kita simpulkan di sini kaedah penyelesaian yang terbaik ialah pihak PDRM perlu mengkaji mekanisma baru bagi perlaksanaan saman ekor ini. Antaranya ialah seperti yang pernah PDRM lakukan sekitar tahun 1990-an. Di mana pada ketika itu saman ekor di buat secara “tembak, tahan dan tulis saman” (3T). Kereta yang dipandu melebihi had laju akan dikesan oleh seorang anggota polis lalu akan ditahan selepas 1 atau 2 kilometer dari tempat kejadian oleh 2 atau 3 orang anggota polis lain serta saman terus di beri kepada pemandu. Ini secara langsung akan menyelesaikan semua masalah. Sekiranya PDRM menghadapi masalah kekurangan anggota mohonlah pertambahan anggota bukannya menjadi pak turut untuk melakukan kezaliman kepada rakyat. 

Bantulah kami yang banyak kena saman ekor......

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Urgent action needed against Penang swiftlet farming



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Wednesday, 23 June 2010 19:41

Rebecca Duckett highlights the risks posed by swiftlet farming in the George Town world heritage site in a letter to the Penang Chief Minister.

As a resident of George Town and as a council member of the Penang Heritage Trust, I want to bring to your attention yet again, the problem of swiftlet farming in our urban areas. The National Guidelines For Swiftlet Breeding are to be presented to Cabinet very soon and there has been no public discussion whatsoever with stakeholders, residents or NGOs. This lack of transparency has to be addressed before any Guidelines for Swiftlet breeding can be passed.

According to the June 2005 newsletter of the Malaysian Swiftlet Farmers Association, over 10% of houses - 400 houses- in George Town have been converted into swiftlet farms. The latest casual count estimates that these numbers could be closer to 20% of houses in George Town.

We do not oppose swiftlet farming in general; it is a very lucrative business which brings in approximately RM 1.5 billion per year. However, the damage urban swiftlet farming in George Town is doing to our "intangible heritage", by moving people out of buildings in order to open swiftlet farms, and to our "tangible heritage" by destroying the original features of the “exceptional range of shophouses and townhouses” that gave us our WHS listing in the first place is too great to be ignored.

Swiftlet farming encourages swiftlets to nest in a particular house, in order to harvest the nests that they build there. These nests are then sold on at an extremely lucrative price, to be used as the main ingredient in birds nest soup. We are not opposing the practice of swiftlet farming in general but we want it relocated from George Town into less populated, agricultural areas, for the following reasons:

1) Health concerns, including but not limited to:

- Cryptococcus
Dried bird droppings and bird’s nests have been known to harbour the yeast spore Cryptococcus, which ideally forms colonies at 20 - 37°C (perfect for Georgetown) and which is responsible for infections in human beings. Inhalation of Cryptococcus spores cause lung infections, cryptococcal meningitis and pneumonia in healthy children and adults, and is particularly dangerous to anyone who is immuno-compromised.
King, Dr. John W. and DeWitt, Meredith L., “Cryptococcosis,” http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/215354-overview, October 30th, 2009

- Avian Flu
Avian flu, or H5N1, is a rare but severe disease that can be fatal. The last person diagnosed with avian flu was in Vietnam on 16th March of this year. According to the WHO (World Health Organization), “all birds are thought to be susceptible to infection with avian influenza viruses”. It is possible that the avian flu virus could be introduced to swiftlets in George Town from migratory waterfowl, which scientists believe are “now carrying the H5N1 virus in its highly pathogenic form, sometimes over long distances.”

The WHO states: “Japan, the Republic of Korea, and Malaysia have controlled their outbreaks and are now considered free of the disease. Elsewhere in Asia, the virus has become endemic in several of the initially affected countries.” However, there is no reason to suggest that swiftlets coming into contact with infected migratory birds from other parts of Asia will not contract H5N1. Living in such close proximity to one another, contaminated swiftlets would quickly transfer the disease between themselves, increasing the chances for human infection either via direct contact with contaminated birds or contaminated feces, the two most common sources of infection. World Health Organisation, “Avian influenza “bird flu”,” http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/avian_influenza/en/#countries, February 2006

- Dengue Fever

Pools of water created by swiftlet farmers to ensure an ideal humidity and temperature for the birds also create perfect breeding grounds for mosquitos, including Aedes Mosquitos, which carry Dengue Fever. Outbreaks in George Town on specific streets have recently been very common.

2) The danger swiftlet farming poses to George Town’s Unesco status:

- The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco) seeks to encourage the identification, protection and preservation of cultural and natural heritage around the world considered to be of outstanding value to humanity. George Town’s World Heritage Site status is not just a label that will increase tourism, but a treaty signed to conserve the unique “intangible heritage” of George Town.

However, homes that are converted into birdhouses suffer irreparable damage, as original windows, doors, plasterwork and features are removed, and sprinkler systems are set up to keep the house humid. This not only causes water damage, damp and rot to that house, but also to adjacent properties, thereby threatening the “unique architectural and cultural townscape without parallel anywhere in East and Southeast Asia...in particular [the] exceptional range of shophouses and townhouses” which gave George Town WHS status in the first place.

Puan Maimunah, as Acting General Manager to the George Town World Heritage Office, has stated that: “personally, the swiftlet industry poses a conflict to the World Heritage Site listing, and possibly needs to be relocated”. If action is not taken against urban swiftlet farming, and George Town “loses the characteristics which determined its inscription on the World Heritage List” it may be placed on the List of World Heritage in Danger or have its status as a World Heritage Site revoked. The Site listing undoubtedly brings more tourism and therefore more money to our city. The loss of our architecture and/or listing would negatively impact on tourism and harm the economy of George Town.

3) Noise pollution:

- The sound systems used to attract swiftlets by playing amplified birdsong continuously constitutes noise pollution, which is a nuisance for residents of and visitors to George Town. However, in recent months, the main source of noise pollution is the birds themselves because numbers have soared and are now out of control. The sky above residences in George Town are full of birds emitting piercing sounds especially in the early hours of morning, late afternoon and evening.

Responsibility of the Penang state government and its departments:

The Penang State Government controls the future of George Town. The decisions made now have long term consequences. In order to address these consequences, we urgently request that the State Government of Penang keeps to and enforces, the terms of the extended moratorium on Swiftlet breeding in George Town, that states that operators cannot start any new swiftlet farms in George Town. The moratorium was set up to halt the proliferation of swiftlet houses in George Town, not as a open bill for them to proliferate freely. The breeders are openly setting up new farms all over George Town. By condoning and allowing this to happen the State Government and MPPP accepts that it is responsible for any negative impact on public health and environment.

We request that the State Government creates a heft annual tax to be paid by each individual urban swiftlet farm until they have moved from the urban areas of George Town on or before the deadline set by the State Government. This tax creates a fund which can then be used when an outbreak of Avian Flu H5N1, Crytococcus or other disease relating to birds, breaks out enabling the State Government to act on any emergency measures needed for this outbreak or environmental disaster cleanup. For the swiftlet farmers, this tax payment will mark their dedication to the maintenance of their farms health and safety measures and further reinforces their responsibility and belief that swiftlet farming in urban areas amongst a dense human population, poses no dangers to humans. Non payment of this tax allows the State Government to forcibly close down the swiftlet farm.

We also insist that in addition, the State Government as a whole, with the Heads of the Veterinary Department and Public Health, be made personally responsible for any environmental and health and safety issues that will arise from the spiralling increase in the population of swiftlets over George Town and the environmental disaster that will take place within the next few years, if swiftlet farms are not removed immediately from our urban areas. The State Government and the Heads of the Veterinary Department and Public Health will also be personally responsible to pay any compensation required in events of death from any bird related disease, outbreak of disease, as well as the loss of investment made by stakeholders who have put huge investments into the belief that George Town will benefit from its Unesco World Heritage Status and is currently being marketed as a tourist destination and world class heritage site by the Penang State Government. Loss of investment should also include, but not be limited to, being forced to move from buildings because of an individuals fear to his/her own personal health and safety.

Laws are being enforced by the State Government on developers, on residents, on landlords that are trying to revitalise George Town as a residential, cultural, heritage and tourist hub, yet swiftlet farms are being allowed to proliferate freely, beyond the realms of law. The State Government must act with a balanced hand.

I would request your immediate assistance in lobbying the Malaysian Government to sign into law, guidelines explicitly prohibiting swiftlet farming in George Town and urban areas, and to act on bringing current owners of swiftlet farms in urban areas to justice. The health and safety of the rakyat and Malaysia's precious environment should be foremost in any Government initiative. Moving swiftlet farming out of George Town and urban areas is in keeping with the State Government of Penang's initiative for a "Cleaner, Greener, Penang" and must be viewed with long term benefit to all the rakyat, all cultures, all tangible and intangible heritage in George Town and our urban areas.

Rebecca Duckett is a council member of the Penang Heritage Trust

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