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Ya Allah Kurniakanlah Daku Rezeki Yang Baik Pada Hari ini dan Jauhkanlah Daku Dari Keburukan. Ya Allah Kurnikanlah Cahaya Pada Hati ku Sebagaimana Terangnya Bumi Dengan Cahaya Matahari MU Selama-lamanya, Dengan Rhamat Mu Wahai Tuhan Yang Maha Pengasih dan Maha Penyayang.

Jom Mengerjakan UMrah

Wednesday, November 9, 2011

The sky’s the limit for swiftlet farming?

By Errol Oh

Malaysia enjoys certain advantages such as the fact that the swiftlets are found only in some parts of South-East Asia. There is also swiftlet farming in Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, the Philippines and Myanmar, but our local conditions may tip the balance in our favour.
Also, the frequent forest fires in Indonesia in recent years have driven away many birds and many have ended up in Malaysia.
Says swiftlet farm owner Dr Christopher Lim: “Indonesia is the pioneer in swiftlet farming. It has done quite well in the past but lately it has found that the nest production and quality are not as good as in Malaysia. So much so that the Indonesians sometimes buy nests from Malaysia.”
Nobody seems to be concerned about the possibility that once swiftlet farming takes off in a big way, supply may one day overtake demand.

Untuk masa sekarang Pak Din tak rasa ini akan menjadi satu masalah.. banyak yang boleh dibuat dengan sarang burung selain daripada untuk di ekxportkan?? Kenapa kita di dalam negara kurang yang menceburi bidang pembuatan  makan tambahan, HEALTH FOODS umpamanya?? kenapa kita mesti exsport untuk orang di China, Jepun, Hong Kong dan sebagainya.. kenapa tidak di buat makanan/minuman/pills untuk kita makan sendiri atau di jual di dalam negara?
Says Kelvin Heng of Pearlnest, a swiftlet farming consultancy outfit: “There’s a limited supply all the time. The swiftlets nest only three times a year. People are getting more health-conscious. The wellness industry is growing fast. The demand for bird nests won’t go down.” BETUL TU KAN??
Before this, the Malaysian operators are almost exclusively minor-league entrepreneurs and property owners.
Today, bigger players are coming into the picture as well. For one thing, swiftlet farming is one of the East Coast Economic Region’s promoted activities.
On Nov 25, Agriculture and Agro-based Industry Minister Datuk Mustapa Mohamed said his ministry would propose to the Cabinet that the development of the industry be given more attention....dah tukar menteri ker?
A prominent Tan Sri who controls a group of listed companies is believed to have personally invested RM2mil to build a swiftlet farm in Pekan, and may be looking to have more in other locations.
At least one Malaysian-listed company has ventured into the game, and that is Seal Inc Bhd.
Its wholly-owned subsidiary, Seal Ventures Sdn Bhd, is the developer of Krai Eco Park, a project comprising about 60 three-storey buildings in Kuala Krai, Kelantan.
Seal Inc’s 2008 annual report refers to the project as an industrial park development, but a Krai Eco Park brochure unmistakably positions the units as swiftlet houses.
Supporting the industry
Another telling sign that swiftlet farming is gaining momentum here is that a sub-industry has emerged in Malaysia to provide swiftlet farmers with a broad range of products and services.
The former include audio, monitoring and security systems; chemicals; and fittings for the birdhouses.
Lim is not the only one to have produced a book on swiftlet farming, although he recalls facing a lot of resistance within the industry when he began writing in 2006.
In fact, there are several such publications in English, Chinese and Malay. Sharing of information, it seems, is no longer a no-no.
On the services side, there are dozens of consultants who offer to design, build and manage swiftlet farms.
There are also those who organise seminars and courses. There are dozens of websites and blogs relating to the industry.

The worry is that some of the service providers may not have the necessary expertise and experience, and are instead looking to capitalise on the surge in swiftlet farming.
According to industry insiders, the standard consulting fee for turning shoplots into birdhouses is RM10,000.
“That’s a much faster way to make money than by investing in the farms, which will take a few years before you start seeing good returns,” says a farmer.
Swiftlet Ventures International, which has not begun operating its first birdhouse in Rawang, says first-hand knowledge is not always crucial. The consultancy’s edge, says manager Mohammad Azimullah, is its ties with an Indonesian firm with a 30-year track record and with other Malaysian players.
The argument is that it is just as important to be able to draw on this network’s pool of know-how.
Another new trend to watch is the development of the so-called eco parks, which feature rows of purpose-built swiftlet farms at single locations away from residential and commercial areas.
This way, there will be compliance with the authorities’ requirements and there will be no neighbours to complain about the birdhouses.
However, some industry players think that it will take a long time to populate so many birdhouses in one spot
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Urgent action needed against Penang swiftlet farming

Wednesday, 23 June 2010 19:41

Rebecca Duckett highlights the risks posed by swiftlet farming in the George Town world heritage site in a letter to the Penang Chief Minister.

As a resident of George Town and as a council member of the Penang Heritage Trust, I want to bring to your attention yet again, the problem of swiftlet farming in our urban areas. The National Guidelines For Swiftlet Breeding are to be presented to Cabinet very soon and there has been no public discussion whatsoever with stakeholders, residents or NGOs. This lack of transparency has to be addressed before any Guidelines for Swiftlet breeding can be passed.

According to the June 2005 newsletter of the Malaysian Swiftlet Farmers Association, over 10% of houses - 400 houses- in George Town have been converted into swiftlet farms. The latest casual count estimates that these numbers could be closer to 20% of houses in George Town.

We do not oppose swiftlet farming in general; it is a very lucrative business which brings in approximately RM 1.5 billion per year. However, the damage urban swiftlet farming in George Town is doing to our "intangible heritage", by moving people out of buildings in order to open swiftlet farms, and to our "tangible heritage" by destroying the original features of the “exceptional range of shophouses and townhouses” that gave us our WHS listing in the first place is too great to be ignored.

Swiftlet farming encourages swiftlets to nest in a particular house, in order to harvest the nests that they build there. These nests are then sold on at an extremely lucrative price, to be used as the main ingredient in birds nest soup. We are not opposing the practice of swiftlet farming in general but we want it relocated from George Town into less populated, agricultural areas, for the following reasons:

1) Health concerns, including but not limited to:

- Cryptococcus
Dried bird droppings and bird’s nests have been known to harbour the yeast spore Cryptococcus, which ideally forms colonies at 20 - 37°C (perfect for Georgetown) and which is responsible for infections in human beings. Inhalation of Cryptococcus spores cause lung infections, cryptococcal meningitis and pneumonia in healthy children and adults, and is particularly dangerous to anyone who is immuno-compromised.
King, Dr. John W. and DeWitt, Meredith L., “Cryptococcosis,”, October 30th, 2009

- Avian Flu
Avian flu, or H5N1, is a rare but severe disease that can be fatal. The last person diagnosed with avian flu was in Vietnam on 16th March of this year. According to the WHO (World Health Organization), “all birds are thought to be susceptible to infection with avian influenza viruses”. It is possible that the avian flu virus could be introduced to swiftlets in George Town from migratory waterfowl, which scientists believe are “now carrying the H5N1 virus in its highly pathogenic form, sometimes over long distances.”

The WHO states: “Japan, the Republic of Korea, and Malaysia have controlled their outbreaks and are now considered free of the disease. Elsewhere in Asia, the virus has become endemic in several of the initially affected countries.” However, there is no reason to suggest that swiftlets coming into contact with infected migratory birds from other parts of Asia will not contract H5N1. Living in such close proximity to one another, contaminated swiftlets would quickly transfer the disease between themselves, increasing the chances for human infection either via direct contact with contaminated birds or contaminated feces, the two most common sources of infection. World Health Organisation, “Avian influenza “bird flu”,”, February 2006

- Dengue Fever

Pools of water created by swiftlet farmers to ensure an ideal humidity and temperature for the birds also create perfect breeding grounds for mosquitos, including Aedes Mosquitos, which carry Dengue Fever. Outbreaks in George Town on specific streets have recently been very common.

2) The danger swiftlet farming poses to George Town’s Unesco status:

- The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco) seeks to encourage the identification, protection and preservation of cultural and natural heritage around the world considered to be of outstanding value to humanity. George Town’s World Heritage Site status is not just a label that will increase tourism, but a treaty signed to conserve the unique “intangible heritage” of George Town.

However, homes that are converted into birdhouses suffer irreparable damage, as original windows, doors, plasterwork and features are removed, and sprinkler systems are set up to keep the house humid. This not only causes water damage, damp and rot to that house, but also to adjacent properties, thereby threatening the “unique architectural and cultural townscape without parallel anywhere in East and Southeast particular [the] exceptional range of shophouses and townhouses” which gave George Town WHS status in the first place.

Puan Maimunah, as Acting General Manager to the George Town World Heritage Office, has stated that: “personally, the swiftlet industry poses a conflict to the World Heritage Site listing, and possibly needs to be relocated”. If action is not taken against urban swiftlet farming, and George Town “loses the characteristics which determined its inscription on the World Heritage List” it may be placed on the List of World Heritage in Danger or have its status as a World Heritage Site revoked. The Site listing undoubtedly brings more tourism and therefore more money to our city. The loss of our architecture and/or listing would negatively impact on tourism and harm the economy of George Town.

3) Noise pollution:

- The sound systems used to attract swiftlets by playing amplified birdsong continuously constitutes noise pollution, which is a nuisance for residents of and visitors to George Town. However, in recent months, the main source of noise pollution is the birds themselves because numbers have soared and are now out of control. The sky above residences in George Town are full of birds emitting piercing sounds especially in the early hours of morning, late afternoon and evening.

Responsibility of the Penang state government and its departments:

The Penang State Government controls the future of George Town. The decisions made now have long term consequences. In order to address these consequences, we urgently request that the State Government of Penang keeps to and enforces, the terms of the extended moratorium on Swiftlet breeding in George Town, that states that operators cannot start any new swiftlet farms in George Town. The moratorium was set up to halt the proliferation of swiftlet houses in George Town, not as a open bill for them to proliferate freely. The breeders are openly setting up new farms all over George Town. By condoning and allowing this to happen the State Government and MPPP accepts that it is responsible for any negative impact on public health and environment.

We request that the State Government creates a heft annual tax to be paid by each individual urban swiftlet farm until they have moved from the urban areas of George Town on or before the deadline set by the State Government. This tax creates a fund which can then be used when an outbreak of Avian Flu H5N1, Crytococcus or other disease relating to birds, breaks out enabling the State Government to act on any emergency measures needed for this outbreak or environmental disaster cleanup. For the swiftlet farmers, this tax payment will mark their dedication to the maintenance of their farms health and safety measures and further reinforces their responsibility and belief that swiftlet farming in urban areas amongst a dense human population, poses no dangers to humans. Non payment of this tax allows the State Government to forcibly close down the swiftlet farm.

We also insist that in addition, the State Government as a whole, with the Heads of the Veterinary Department and Public Health, be made personally responsible for any environmental and health and safety issues that will arise from the spiralling increase in the population of swiftlets over George Town and the environmental disaster that will take place within the next few years, if swiftlet farms are not removed immediately from our urban areas. The State Government and the Heads of the Veterinary Department and Public Health will also be personally responsible to pay any compensation required in events of death from any bird related disease, outbreak of disease, as well as the loss of investment made by stakeholders who have put huge investments into the belief that George Town will benefit from its Unesco World Heritage Status and is currently being marketed as a tourist destination and world class heritage site by the Penang State Government. Loss of investment should also include, but not be limited to, being forced to move from buildings because of an individuals fear to his/her own personal health and safety.

Laws are being enforced by the State Government on developers, on residents, on landlords that are trying to revitalise George Town as a residential, cultural, heritage and tourist hub, yet swiftlet farms are being allowed to proliferate freely, beyond the realms of law. The State Government must act with a balanced hand.

I would request your immediate assistance in lobbying the Malaysian Government to sign into law, guidelines explicitly prohibiting swiftlet farming in George Town and urban areas, and to act on bringing current owners of swiftlet farms in urban areas to justice. The health and safety of the rakyat and Malaysia's precious environment should be foremost in any Government initiative. Moving swiftlet farming out of George Town and urban areas is in keeping with the State Government of Penang's initiative for a "Cleaner, Greener, Penang" and must be viewed with long term benefit to all the rakyat, all cultures, all tangible and intangible heritage in George Town and our urban areas.

Rebecca Duckett is a council member of the Penang Heritage Trust