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Ya Allah Kurniakanlah Rezeki Yang Baik Pada Hari INI dan Jauhkanlah Daku Dari Keburukan

Ya Allah Kurniakanlah Daku Rezeki Yang Baik Pada Hari ini dan Jauhkanlah Daku Dari Keburukan. Ya Allah Kurnikanlah Cahaya Pada Hati ku Sebagaimana Terangnya Bumi Dengan Cahaya Matahari MU Selama-lamanya, Dengan Rhamat Mu Wahai Tuhan Yang Maha Pengasih dan Maha Penyayang.

Jom Mengerjakan UMrah


Sunday, August 8, 2010

KOSMO 8 OGOS 2010

RENCANA UTAMA

Protes industri sarang burung



MASYARAKAT Cina percaya sajian sup sarang burung mampu mencegah proses penuaan.
WAJARKAH industri sarang burung di Malaysia diteruskan?


BERIBU-RIBU 'motel' burung layang-layang telah dibuka di serata Malaysia. Semuanya gara-gara untuk mengumpan ribuan burung berkenaan untuk mendapatkan sarangnya. Bagi masyarakat Cina, masakan sup sarang burung dianggap sebagai sejenis makanan mewah.

Kawanan layang-layang memilih untuk menghuni di 'motel-motel' yang dibuka khusus untuk mereka. Namun, ketika perniagaan itu rancak berjalan, masalah kekotoran serta bunyi yang membingitkan telinga telah mencetuskan kemarahan dan suara-suara bantahan daripada masyarakat setempat.

Di tengah-tengah bandar Klang, Selangor, pemilik hotel Gold Course telah mengubah suai sebahagian daripada bangunan berbilang tingkat itu kepada sebuah 'motel' burung layang-layang. Bagi menarik minat burung-burung itu untuk membina sarang di dalam rumah konkrit tersebut, pelbagai bunyi kicauan burung dimainkan daripada corong pembesar suara.

Di lokasi berdekatan itu juga, beberapa pengusaha lain turut mengubah rumah-rumah kedai empat tingkat kepada tempat perlindungan burung. Ia sekali gus mewujudkan persaingan sesama mereka. Mereka yang bekerja atau menetap di kawasan berdekatan mula mengasingkan diri daripada kicauan dan najis-najis burung.

Komen: mana ada tahi burung ini dibuang merata-rata??

"Bunyinya sangat kuat dan membingitkan telinga. Malah, najis-najis burung itu mungkin membahayakan kesihatan kami," kata Abdul Hamid Abdullah, seorang penduduk tempatan kepada AFP, sambil melihat kawanan burung yang berterbangan keluar dan masuk dari bangunan-bangunan tersebut.


Mencegah proses penuaan.


Lelaki berusia 46 tahun itu menambah, burung-burung sepatutnya membina sarang di habitat semula jadi iaitu di dalam gua.

Industri pembiakan burung layang-layang di Malaysia telah bermula sekitar tahun 1980-an. Namun, ia mula mendapat momentum selepas krisis kewangan Asia yang berlaku pada 1997. Pada ketika itu, pihak pengusaha mula mengubah suai bahagian dalam bangunan-bangunan terbengkalai untuk dijadikan 'motel-motel' burung.

Para penggemar sajian sup yang popular di China, Hong Kong dan Taiwan percaya masakan itu mampu mencegah proses penuaan. Selain itu, sup sarang burung juga dikatakan dapat meningkatkan nafsu seks, mencegah penyakit paru-paru dan menaikkan seri wajah.

Setiap satu kilogram sarang yang berbentuk seakan-akan cawan boleh mencecah harga RM4,000. Margin keuntungan yang besar dan kekurangan kekangan undang-undang menyumbang kepada pembinaan lebih banyak 'ladang' burung layang-layang di kawasan berpopulasi tinggi secara haram.

Kenneth Khoo dari Persatuan Industri Kecil dan Sederhana di Pulau Pinang memberitahu AFP bahawa nilai perdagangan sarang-sarang burung mentah dianggarkan mencecah RM20 bilion di peringkat global.

"Penternakan burung layang-layang di Malaysia adalah satu industri yang kian berkembang. Permintaan yang diterima melebihi bekalan kerana terdapat semakin ramai orang Cina yang kaya," katanya sambil memberitahu sup sarang burung kekal sebagai 'hidangan pilihan' perniagaan makanan di China, Hong Kong dan Taiwan.

APAKAH nasib generasi baru burung layang-layang jika industri sarang burung terus berkembang pesat?


Menurut Khoo, Indonesia mengawal sehingga 70 peratus perniagaan tersebut di rantau ini dengan sarang-sarang burung diperoleh dari gua dan ladang penternakan. Malaysia dan negara Thailand pula muncul sebagai dua pengeluar utama sarang burung di rantau ini.

Dianggarkan terdapat sekurang-kurangnya 35,000 buah ladang penternakan burung layang-layang di Malaysia. Namun, hanya sekitar 4,500 pengusaha yang memiliki permit operasi yang sah dalam perniagaan bernilai RM800 juta sehingga RM1.2 bilion itu.

Kerancakan industri yang berkembang sehingga ke perairan barat dan timur Semenanjung Malaysia itu, bagaimanapun mendapat bantahan daripada orang ramai. Malah aktivis-aktivis haiwan turut mendesak aktiviti itu diharamkan sepenuhnya.

Komen:Pihak Veterinar telah memohon ianya dikeluarkan terus dari kawalan menjadi haiwan biasa (common)!

Terdapat juga dakwaan-dakwaan tentang kekejaman terhadap haiwan tersebut memandangkan para penternak dikatakan tanpa belas kasihan memusnahkan anak-anak burung serta telurnya. Tindakan itu dilakukan untuk mendapatkan sarang burung layang-layang ketika harganya melonjak tinggi.

Kumpulan pemuliharaan haiwan, Friends of The Earth turut mengutuk aktiviti perdagangan tersebut. Mereka menggesa kerajaan agar menutup semua ladang penternakan burung layang-layang yang kian meningkat berlipat kali ganda.

"Industri yang berkembang secara drastik itu telah menimbulkan rasa tidak puas hati dalam kalangan orang ramai. Mereka risau tentang kesihatan dan bilangan 'hotel' burung yang muncul.

"Para pengutip sarang burung tidak sempat menunggu anak-anak burung itu membesar. Jadi, anak-anak burung itu akan dicampak ke lantai atau dibiarkan mati selepas sarangnya diambil," jelas Mohamad Idris, presiden kumpulan tersebut dari cawangan Malaysia.

Komen: Terdapat cerita yang mengatakan ada telor dan anak-anak burung ini dibuang/ditanam apabila rumah mereka sudah penuh dengan sarang. Ini bagi mengelak anak2 burung keluar dan berpindah ke tempat/rumah lain..Benarkah?? Pak Din tak pasti. Tetapi jika benar siapa yang akan menghalangnya apabila tidak ada undang2 yang akan melindungi burung-burung ini??

Bimbangkan masalah yang timbul dalam aspek penternakan, selain 'kebajikan' burung layang-layang, pihaknya menggesa agar kerajaan mengharamkan semua aktiviti penternakan tersebut. - AFP

Hubungi Kami: 0134861990 Nordin atau e-mail kami nordi_jef@yahoo.com. Matlamat kami ialah membantu anda..KEJAYAAN ANDA KEJAYAAN KAMI JUA..

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Urgent action needed against Penang swiftlet farming



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Wednesday, 23 June 2010 19:41

Rebecca Duckett highlights the risks posed by swiftlet farming in the George Town world heritage site in a letter to the Penang Chief Minister.

As a resident of George Town and as a council member of the Penang Heritage Trust, I want to bring to your attention yet again, the problem of swiftlet farming in our urban areas. The National Guidelines For Swiftlet Breeding are to be presented to Cabinet very soon and there has been no public discussion whatsoever with stakeholders, residents or NGOs. This lack of transparency has to be addressed before any Guidelines for Swiftlet breeding can be passed.

According to the June 2005 newsletter of the Malaysian Swiftlet Farmers Association, over 10% of houses - 400 houses- in George Town have been converted into swiftlet farms. The latest casual count estimates that these numbers could be closer to 20% of houses in George Town.

We do not oppose swiftlet farming in general; it is a very lucrative business which brings in approximately RM 1.5 billion per year. However, the damage urban swiftlet farming in George Town is doing to our "intangible heritage", by moving people out of buildings in order to open swiftlet farms, and to our "tangible heritage" by destroying the original features of the “exceptional range of shophouses and townhouses” that gave us our WHS listing in the first place is too great to be ignored.

Swiftlet farming encourages swiftlets to nest in a particular house, in order to harvest the nests that they build there. These nests are then sold on at an extremely lucrative price, to be used as the main ingredient in birds nest soup. We are not opposing the practice of swiftlet farming in general but we want it relocated from George Town into less populated, agricultural areas, for the following reasons:

1) Health concerns, including but not limited to:

- Cryptococcus
Dried bird droppings and bird’s nests have been known to harbour the yeast spore Cryptococcus, which ideally forms colonies at 20 - 37°C (perfect for Georgetown) and which is responsible for infections in human beings. Inhalation of Cryptococcus spores cause lung infections, cryptococcal meningitis and pneumonia in healthy children and adults, and is particularly dangerous to anyone who is immuno-compromised.
King, Dr. John W. and DeWitt, Meredith L., “Cryptococcosis,” http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/215354-overview, October 30th, 2009

- Avian Flu
Avian flu, or H5N1, is a rare but severe disease that can be fatal. The last person diagnosed with avian flu was in Vietnam on 16th March of this year. According to the WHO (World Health Organization), “all birds are thought to be susceptible to infection with avian influenza viruses”. It is possible that the avian flu virus could be introduced to swiftlets in George Town from migratory waterfowl, which scientists believe are “now carrying the H5N1 virus in its highly pathogenic form, sometimes over long distances.”

The WHO states: “Japan, the Republic of Korea, and Malaysia have controlled their outbreaks and are now considered free of the disease. Elsewhere in Asia, the virus has become endemic in several of the initially affected countries.” However, there is no reason to suggest that swiftlets coming into contact with infected migratory birds from other parts of Asia will not contract H5N1. Living in such close proximity to one another, contaminated swiftlets would quickly transfer the disease between themselves, increasing the chances for human infection either via direct contact with contaminated birds or contaminated feces, the two most common sources of infection. World Health Organisation, “Avian influenza “bird flu”,” http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/avian_influenza/en/#countries, February 2006

- Dengue Fever

Pools of water created by swiftlet farmers to ensure an ideal humidity and temperature for the birds also create perfect breeding grounds for mosquitos, including Aedes Mosquitos, which carry Dengue Fever. Outbreaks in George Town on specific streets have recently been very common.

2) The danger swiftlet farming poses to George Town’s Unesco status:

- The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco) seeks to encourage the identification, protection and preservation of cultural and natural heritage around the world considered to be of outstanding value to humanity. George Town’s World Heritage Site status is not just a label that will increase tourism, but a treaty signed to conserve the unique “intangible heritage” of George Town.

However, homes that are converted into birdhouses suffer irreparable damage, as original windows, doors, plasterwork and features are removed, and sprinkler systems are set up to keep the house humid. This not only causes water damage, damp and rot to that house, but also to adjacent properties, thereby threatening the “unique architectural and cultural townscape without parallel anywhere in East and Southeast Asia...in particular [the] exceptional range of shophouses and townhouses” which gave George Town WHS status in the first place.

Puan Maimunah, as Acting General Manager to the George Town World Heritage Office, has stated that: “personally, the swiftlet industry poses a conflict to the World Heritage Site listing, and possibly needs to be relocated”. If action is not taken against urban swiftlet farming, and George Town “loses the characteristics which determined its inscription on the World Heritage List” it may be placed on the List of World Heritage in Danger or have its status as a World Heritage Site revoked. The Site listing undoubtedly brings more tourism and therefore more money to our city. The loss of our architecture and/or listing would negatively impact on tourism and harm the economy of George Town.

3) Noise pollution:

- The sound systems used to attract swiftlets by playing amplified birdsong continuously constitutes noise pollution, which is a nuisance for residents of and visitors to George Town. However, in recent months, the main source of noise pollution is the birds themselves because numbers have soared and are now out of control. The sky above residences in George Town are full of birds emitting piercing sounds especially in the early hours of morning, late afternoon and evening.

Responsibility of the Penang state government and its departments:

The Penang State Government controls the future of George Town. The decisions made now have long term consequences. In order to address these consequences, we urgently request that the State Government of Penang keeps to and enforces, the terms of the extended moratorium on Swiftlet breeding in George Town, that states that operators cannot start any new swiftlet farms in George Town. The moratorium was set up to halt the proliferation of swiftlet houses in George Town, not as a open bill for them to proliferate freely. The breeders are openly setting up new farms all over George Town. By condoning and allowing this to happen the State Government and MPPP accepts that it is responsible for any negative impact on public health and environment.

We request that the State Government creates a heft annual tax to be paid by each individual urban swiftlet farm until they have moved from the urban areas of George Town on or before the deadline set by the State Government. This tax creates a fund which can then be used when an outbreak of Avian Flu H5N1, Crytococcus or other disease relating to birds, breaks out enabling the State Government to act on any emergency measures needed for this outbreak or environmental disaster cleanup. For the swiftlet farmers, this tax payment will mark their dedication to the maintenance of their farms health and safety measures and further reinforces their responsibility and belief that swiftlet farming in urban areas amongst a dense human population, poses no dangers to humans. Non payment of this tax allows the State Government to forcibly close down the swiftlet farm.

We also insist that in addition, the State Government as a whole, with the Heads of the Veterinary Department and Public Health, be made personally responsible for any environmental and health and safety issues that will arise from the spiralling increase in the population of swiftlets over George Town and the environmental disaster that will take place within the next few years, if swiftlet farms are not removed immediately from our urban areas. The State Government and the Heads of the Veterinary Department and Public Health will also be personally responsible to pay any compensation required in events of death from any bird related disease, outbreak of disease, as well as the loss of investment made by stakeholders who have put huge investments into the belief that George Town will benefit from its Unesco World Heritage Status and is currently being marketed as a tourist destination and world class heritage site by the Penang State Government. Loss of investment should also include, but not be limited to, being forced to move from buildings because of an individuals fear to his/her own personal health and safety.

Laws are being enforced by the State Government on developers, on residents, on landlords that are trying to revitalise George Town as a residential, cultural, heritage and tourist hub, yet swiftlet farms are being allowed to proliferate freely, beyond the realms of law. The State Government must act with a balanced hand.

I would request your immediate assistance in lobbying the Malaysian Government to sign into law, guidelines explicitly prohibiting swiftlet farming in George Town and urban areas, and to act on bringing current owners of swiftlet farms in urban areas to justice. The health and safety of the rakyat and Malaysia's precious environment should be foremost in any Government initiative. Moving swiftlet farming out of George Town and urban areas is in keeping with the State Government of Penang's initiative for a "Cleaner, Greener, Penang" and must be viewed with long term benefit to all the rakyat, all cultures, all tangible and intangible heritage in George Town and our urban areas.

Rebecca Duckett is a council member of the Penang Heritage Trust

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